Product description Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
Lucca PDO extra virgin olive oil is obtained from the olive fruits of the Frantoio, Frantoiano or Frantoiana varieties present in the olive groves up to 90%, and Leccino up to 30%. Other minor varieties may contribute up to a maximum of 15%.
Production method Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
The olives must be harvested directly from the plant, preferably by hand and without, however, considering the olives that have fallen to the ground. The harvest must be completed by 31 December of each year. The olives are transported to the mill in order to allow the perfect preservation of the fruit, taking care to keep them in rigid and ventilated containers, in cool and dry places until milling, which must take place within two days of harvesting. The malaxing phase can last no more than 50 minutes and must be carried out at a maximum temperature of 28 ° C.
Appearance and flavor Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
Lucca PDO extra virgin olive oil is yellow in color with more or less intense green tones. The smell is light to medium olive fruity and the taste is essentially sweet, with a spicy or bitter sensation in relation to the degree of fruitiness.
Gastronomy Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
Extra virgin olive oil is an easily perishable food that requires proper storage to keep its organoleptic characteristics intact. it is therefore advisable to keep it in a cool place and away from light, at a temperature between 14 and 18 ° C, away from heat sources and products that give off particular odors. it is also advisable to consume it within 4-6 months of squeezing, to enjoy it in the period of maximum expression of its flavor. Lucca PDO extra virgin olive oil is balanced on the palate, with hints of artichoke, herbs and dried fruit; the nose is elegant and fine, with hints of freshly mown grass, which are counterbalanced by the clear ones of the artichoke. Due to its delicately spicy taste it is excellent as a dressing for salads and pinzimoni, as well as for the preparation of bruschetta. it is also particularly recommended to use it in soups and typical dishes of the Tuscan tradition.
Marketing Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
The product is marketed as Lucca DOP extra virgin olive oil. it is marketed packaged in glass containers with a capacity not exceeding 5 liters. The year of production must be indicated on the packaging labels.
Distinctive note Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
Lucca PDO extra virgin olive oil is characterized by a maximum total acidity level of 0.5 g per 100 g of oil, a panel test score greater than or equal to 7 and a total polyphenol level greater than or equal to 100 ppm. .
History Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
Olive growing in the production area of Lucca PDO extra virgin olive oil has ancient origins, documented as early as the eighth century. The importance of the olive oil business experienced a significant growth in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries when, throughout Tuscany, measures were taken to promote and protect this type of crop. Over time, the marketing of oil has also developed and has managed to find space in the main industries of the sector.
Production area Lucca DOP Extra virgin olive oil
The production area of Lucca PDO extra virgin olive oil involves 20 municipalities in the province of Lucca, in the Tuscany region.
Production regulations - Lucca DOP
Denomination The protected designation of origin "Lucca" is reserved for extra virgin olive oil that meets the conditions and requirements established by Regulation (EEC) no. 2081/92 and indicated in this production specification.
Production area The production
area of the protected designation of origin "Lucca" includes the following municipalities: Capannori, Lucca, Montecarlo, Altopascio, Porcari, Villa Basilica for the Piana di Lucca area; in the municipalities of Camaiore, Massarosa, Viareggio, Forte dei Marmi, Pietrasanta, Seravezza and Stazzema for the Versilia area; in the municipalities of Bagni di Lucca, Borgo a Mozzano, Pescaglia, Barga, Coreglia Antelminelli and Minucciano for the area of the Middle Valley and Garfagnana; this territory is thus delimited. 1) Area of the Plain of Lucca. From the intersection point of the SS 439 Lucca-Pescia, follow Pistoia, near Corte Nardi, continue along the provincial border, heading south-east, until you reach an altitude of 54 meters above sea level; just past the Colle della Gherardesca. From an altitude of 54, continue south-east along the road that passes through Colle Seghieri until you cross the road to Montecarlo, along which you continue for about 500 m, then turning south-east for the junction which, after the Corte Mazzini, crosses the railway line that follows southwards to Ponte Canneto, and then continues along the railway line, first towards the south and then towards the west; up to the intersection with the Rio San Gallo, in Badia Pozzeveri, yesthe watercourse goes up northwards reaching the Altopascio-Porcari road and then continuing along this towards the west up to Corte La Pineta from where, towards the north. Continue along the road that runs along the hills to Corte Di Galante. From Corte Di Galante follow the local road heading north along the watercourse, a left tributary of the Rio Leccio, passing through the altitudes 63, 75 and 92 asl; from an altitude of 92 meters above sea level, continue northwards until you reach Cantina Carrara, at an altitude of 38 meters above sea level, then towards the south-west up to Corte Mencarini, from which you continue southwards, along the road that runs parallel to the Rio Leccio and which , skirting the hills, reaches the center of Porcari, crosses the village and continues to return at an altitude of 20 meters above sea level on the secondary road that touches the localities of Palazzo Rossi, Corte Matteoni, Villa Bottini, following the avenue of said provincial road and with a course that follows the hilly slopes, you enter the Borgonuovo-Gragnano road for a short distance, then following the course of the Ralla river up to under the Maionchi house, from which, turning west under the Cesaretti house, you reach the road 30 asl Borgonuovo at an altitude of 30 meters. -Camigliano and follows it up to 55 meters above sea level; descend towards the west along the hills up to an altitude of 39 meters above sea level and from here follow the road that leads to Rimortoli, continuing north for a short distance along the Rimortoli-Segromigno carriageway, up to an altitude of 41 meters above sea level, you reach the Fornoli area, follow the driveway up to an altitude of 48 meters above sea level until you reach the center you cross, skirt the Villa Reale park, then follow the driveway that leads to the hamlet of S. Gemignano passing through S. Pancrazio up to the town of Sesto di Moriano; crossing the Serchio river near the railway bridge; from the village of Sesto, descending towards the south, follow the municipal road that connects the village of Sesto to the provincial road on the right of the Serchio river, cross Ponte a Moriano and continue, flanking the hill, crossing the hamlets of San Michele by Moriano; San Lorenzo, San Quirico di Moriano and S. Arlascio, up to Villa Boccella. From this locality the border bends westward towards an altitude of 24 meters above sea level and then follows the road that passes through Villa Barsanti, under the Archbishop's seminary and turning south towards Villa Sardi, to reach the Tre Cancelli locality above 24 meters above sea level. follow the Lucca-Camaiore road for a short distance to deviate from it in the pedocollinare municipal road that passes in the locality of al Pino and rejoins the Lucca-Camaiore road at Ponte del Giglio and on this one continues for a stretch up to the junction for the Furnace at an altitude of 51 and 50 meters above sea level, touch the localities of Frantoio and Villa Fonna and along the road that leads to Mutigliano, at an altitude of 33 and 31 meters above sea level, the locality of Villa Orsetti. From here, follow the road that passes at altitudes 44 and 43 asl until you meet the road that leads from Monte S. Quirico to S. Alessio, which you follow for a short distance and then go up the road that follows the hills from this town passing under the localities Corte Pistelli, Villa Albertini, Corte Buchignani, Boscarecci, Corte Santini, Corte Lanizzi, under the Fornace at an altitude of 26 meters up to the road that leads to the Certosa. It runs along the latter up to Farneta then, towards the south passing through the altitudes 57 and 41 asl, you reach the Corte Donatore; cross the SSN 439 near Corte Puccetti, skirt the Canabbia ditch until it crosses by the A 11/12 then, at an altitude of 48 meters above sea level, you reach the Corte Padrone, at 41 meters above sea level, towards the East, Corte Santone, Villa Liana and southwards to the school of Nozzano. From the school of Nozzano, continue west to Balbano, at the height of the Lucca-Viareggio railway line, which you follow eastwards to Nozzano station then south-east on the border with the province of Pisa. up to the intersection of said border with the A-11 which you follow up to the bridge over the Ozzeri Canal, continue on this canal until you reach Villa Poschi, then take the road to Zoppino, Vicopelago and San Michele in Escheto up to to reach the SSN 12 Abetone-Brennero up to S. Lorenzo a Vaccoli, at an altitude of 27 meters above sea level, from where, towards the east, passing through an altitude of above sea level, you follow the municipal road that leads to San Pietro, crossing the Guappero ditch and going north -East, following the altitudes 23, 24, 17 asl From an altitude of 17 asl, first for a short stretch, towards the East and then South-East, take the municipal road that from San Pietro leads to Vorno, up to the junction for Badia di Cantignano and then continue towards Guamo. At the height of Villa Politi, at an altitude of 28 meters above sea level,continuing to Villa Pierotti, take the driveway that reaches the center of Guamo and, from the latter towards the east, follow the municipal road which, skirting the Padule di Massa Macinaia, passing through S. Quirico, the Rio S. Quirico and Villa Moscheni leads, at the height of San Leonardo in Treponzio, on the SSN 439 Sarzanese Valdera. Follow the same road towards Lucca up to Ponte alle Luche then, to the north-east, go along the hill towards Colognora, Corte Forcone, the “Coop. CAPLAC di San Ginese ”and towards the south until you reach Porto. Go back west, towards Collina, up to the San Ginese station, continue along the former railway line Lucca-Pontedera up to the border with the provincial road of Pisa. Follow this border up to 429 and 356 meters above sea level, then the driveway that leads from San Bucolino to Monte Serra; from the latter, towards the north, skirting Cima Sassabodda at 526 and 458 meters above sea level, cross Rio Sassabodda, skirt the coast of Cipollino at 547 meters above sea level until reaching the Rio Visona di Compito, 450 meters above sea level, and continue towards the north at an altitude of 546 meters above sea level, on the Costa di Borgoguone at an altitude of 385-428 meters above sea level, up to the road that leads from Vorno to Monte Serra. Follow it up to the Fossaceca ditch and, following the level curve at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level, you will reach the Vorno ditch which you follow until you meet the level curve again at 500 meters above sea level, near Monte di Carrara; then along the Monte Le Corna, Monte di San Pantaleone, up to the valley of Monte Pian di Conserva and then the border with the province of Pisa which you follow passing through Villa Orsini, up to the border between the municipality of Lucca and that of Viareggio.
Villa Basilica area. It starts from the village of Valgiano and, towards the east, you reach the Rio di Cartiera which you follow up to 456 meters above sea level and by mule track you reach 432 meters above sea level, you go up the river to the south up to 589 meters above sea level, then, again along the mule track , you reach the Campo Grande locality at 554 meters above sea level, touch 385 and 412 meters above sea level until you reach the locality of Gelli, then follow the path to Rio Rimogno; go up the stream and follow the first tributary on the left up to the locality Crocicchiura, take the road that from Villa Basilica reaches Romitorio towards the valley, at the second bend you leave the road and follow the path to the river, descend along this 'last up to the house at an altitude of 563 meters above sea level, then, from the locality of Casa delle streghe, continue along the altitude of 524, 467, 482 asl, up to the road that goes from Pariana to the Pizzorne plateau. From Pariana you reach the cemetery and follow the Torbola stream, then following the level curve at 600 above sea level to the locality of Uccelliera; from here you take the path to Colle di Capannori at 636 and 568 meters above sea level, in the locality of Castagnora and from here you follow the road from Boveglio-Colognora to the cemetery of Colognora. You reach the inhabited area and continue towards the Rio dei Balzo, descend along it and follow the path up to the provincial border in the locality of Nardi (point 1). 2) Versilia area. To the north-west you start from the intersection point between the Via Aurelia and the provincial border with Massa Carrara, follow this border from the sea towards the mountains up to the locality of Bellegra, from here follow the level curve at an altitude of 600 meters above sea level. at the ridge of Monte Cerreta which acts as a watershed between the Serra valley and the south-facing slope, you then reach the ridge of Monte Canala at an altitude of 432 asl up to the locality of La Rocca at an altitude of 170 asl, cross this locality and descend up to an altitude of 100 meters above sea level, follow the level curve at an altitude of 100 meters above sea level and, following the Serra river towards the source up to the Canale di Rota, continue along the Serra river to the San Michele canal which rises up to an altitude of 300 asl and then take the level curve at an altitude of 300 asl until you reach the Botro di Rimone; go up it up to an altitude of 600 meters above sea level, follow this level curve in a southerly direction reaching the slopes of Monte Cavallo and Monte Castellaccio until you reach the Basali canal, descend along this canal to the Canale del Giardino, continue to descend along this canal as far as the canal of the rio which goes up to an altitude of 600 meters above sea level, along the level curve at an altitude of 600 meters above sea level, passing over Terrinca and Levigliani, crossing the canal delle Volte, going around Monte Alto, passing over the localities Retignano and Pruno, cross the Capriola canal under Monte Forato, cross the Versilia canal, go around Monte Procinto, cross the hamlets of Pomezzana and Farnocchia, go around the Lieto, Ornato, Anchiana, Gabberi mountains, continue above the locality Bollogno, around Mount Ciurlaglia, Monte Prana and Monte Pedona, until you reach the Rio Lucese, follow its course towards the sea for a short distance to reconnect to the path of written in the Media Valley, adjacent to the hamlet of Torcigliano. It starts from the border with the province of Pisa at the point of intersection of the same with the municipal road to Quiesa which you follow through the center of Massaciuccoli until you reach the Lucca-Viareggio railway line in Quiesa, along the Lucca-Viareggio railway in the direction of Viareggio up to Portovecchio, from here follow the reclamation route that from Massarosa reaches Il Garage, from here follow the other reclamation route that from said town reaches via Sarzanese, follow this road up to Ponte dell'Abbaccattoio before the center of Pietrasanta to follow the via del Castagno until you meet the via Aurelia which you follow for a short distance to viale Apua which you follow towards the sea until you reach the Sestri Levante-Livorno motorway, along this motorway until you meet the provincial road of the Marina, go up said road in the direction of Querceta until you reach the Versilia river, go along the Versi lia as far as the Bonazzera canal and go up it until you cross the Via del Lago which you follow until you reach the Via Aurelia which you follow in the North-West direction to the border with the province of Massa Carrara. 3) Middle Valley Area. Central area. From the “Ponte di Campia” locality, go up towards the north. Along the municipal border up to the mule track between Treppignana and the locality Battosi (Tenuta de “il Ciocco”); from here following the road to Sommocolonia, continue along the municipal road towards Ponte di Castagnana; past the crossroads for Montebono, take the path to Canteo and continue towards Gragnana and then towards Piastra, follow the road to Renaio towards the valley, after crossing the bridge over the Lopporetta stream, take the path to Colletto at 595 meters above sea level , then follow the road to Pegnana towards the valley until the junction for Tiglio Basso. From this location, follow the road that reaches the centers of Tiglio Basso, Coreglia Antelminelli, Gromignana and Lucignana, and then descend along the municipal road up to the ss 445. Follow the state road towards Castelnuovo Garfagnana, in the town of Ghivizzano, take the road to Ghivizzano Alto and from here continue towards the cemetery and then along the path that goes up along the Rio Secco to Colle. From here follow the road up to the provincial road for Coreglia Antelminelli and then the latter towards Coreglia up to the first bend. Here you take the driveway to the localities of Burica Curchi and continue on the path that crosses the Ania stream, up to the locality of Seggio, then follow the carriageway until you reach the localities of Corte, Solco and Loppia (Chisa). From Loppia follow the provincial road for Barga then the one for Castelvecchio Pascoli up to Ponte di Campia on the municipal border. East area. Follow the road that from S. Pancrazio reaches S. Gemignano up to the Brenner state road 12 (beyond the railway overpass). Then along the same state road towards Bagni di Lucca up to km 53 in Ponte a Diana, here you leave the road and follow the path to the localities of Cima del Colle and Madonna di Mirocchio, then follow the road to Benabbio up to path to S. Trinità, then towards La Motta under the Colle di Cerbaia up to the Bugliesima stream, follow the stream to the road to Lucignano. Passing the crossroads for Pizzorne, follow the path on the right side in the valley of the Pizzorna stream, up to Fabbriche, then follow the path along the altitudes 440 and 497 asl up to Madonna di Serra and Rio Particelle, then follow the path along the altitudes 502, 552, 420, 398 and 302 asl up to the locality of Madonna della Selva, to reach an altitude of 344 asl, the Colle dei Burroni along the path to piazza di Brancoli, the road to Ombreglio, from here follow the carriageway to Ponte Molinaccio, then take the path to Deccio, Tramonte and Castellaccio, until you reach the Fraga stream, then follow the road towards the valley until you reach the Matraia Colle locality and continue to the Zazzera locality and along the path, at the crossroads with the Rio Caprio stream, take the road that from Matraia reaches Valgiano as far as the town of Valgiano (it follows the Piana di Lucca). West area. Follow the Ludovica provincial road from the hamlet of Ponte a Moriano to Piano della Rocca, from here go up the path (former municipal road) that reaches Rocca (Chiesa degli Alpini), continue towards the cemetery and continue on the path to Londigiana until you reach the Oneta-Cune road. Follow the road up to the town of Cune then take the path to the localities Alla Volta, Colle delle Coste and Colle Belvedere until you reach the hamlet of Dezza; continue along the path that goes up along the Dezza stream and reach the localities of Bestuolico, Ripa and Carraia, take the road to Colognora up to the crossroads then descend along the path towards Ansana, Gello, S. Rocco and Alle Pianacce , meeting the provincial road in Vergana, then follow the provincial road to Piegaio, then follow the road to Fiano-Loppeglia and from Fiano towards Chiesina di Foce along the carriageway, then follow the path to Bozzano up to the focal point Capannaccia under Monte Primo and reach the town at an altitude of 643 meters above sea level, then follow the path towards Anticiana and before the built-up area of the same locality, go up to the stream, follow the stream up to 484 meters above sea level, take the path to the locality Ferrandino-Gombitelli, continue on the road to Torcigliano, up to the bridge over the Rio Lucense from here go up along the right tributary up to 600 meters above sea level, where it rejoins with the Versilia area. 4) Area of the Garfagnana. From the provincial border you reach the Montefiore-Pugliano road and follow it up to Pugliano and then continue to Antognano, where you take the path to the Fosso del Martellino. Beyond the ditch, continue towards Sermezzano up to the Croce, then in the direction of La Maulina you reach the Fosso del Fiatone at an altitude of 544 meters above sea level, continue towards the localities of Il Poggione and Fosso della Scolosa, follow the ditch to the border of the province .
Art. 3. Variety of olives
The protected designation of origin "Lucca" is reserved for extra virgin olive oil obtained from olives produced in the area defined by art. 2 belonging to the following varieties:
1) Frantoio or Frantoiano or Frantoiana - up to 90%;
2) Leccino - up to 30%;
3) Other - up to 15%.
Characteristics of cultivation
The pedoclimaic and cultivation conditions in the olive groves intended for the production of oil with a protected designation of origin pursuant to art. 2 must be those specific to the production areas suitable for giving the olives and oil the traditional qualitative characteristics.
A) Cultivation techniques:
1) pruning: at least every two years in spring;
2) fertilizations: organic and mineral;
3) soil management: grassing: surface tillage of the soil: chemical weeding is allowed only in cultivation situations (terraces, excessive slopes) which preclude the use of machinery for periodic mowing, shredding or surface tillage of the soil. On said surfaces, treatments with contact herbicides are allowed in one or more applications, operating with microdoses on weeds in the first stages of development;
4) phytosanitary defense: definition of treatments, with particular regard to Bactrocera Oleae, with application of the guided control programs established by the consortium in the context of regional regulations.
B) Collection indications.
The olives must be harvested from the plant preferably with the "manual picking" method: olives collected on the ground must not be used in any node. The olive harvesting phase must in any case be completed by the deadline of 31 December of each year. Live harvested and processed after this date will not be suitable for the production of “Lucca” DOP oil.
The maximum production of olives per hectare, per production campaign of the olive groves intended for the production of the oil referred to in art. 2, must be the following:
q.li olives / Ha 70 for olive groves in specialized and intensive cultivation;
20 kg of olives per plant in other cases.
The maximum yield of olives in oil per production campaign of the olive groves in the register of protected designation of origin "Lucca" is defined annually by the competent control body, after consulting the protection consortium, and cannot in any case exceed 19.00%.
The transport of the olives must take place in a way suitable for the perfect conservation of the fruit.
The harvested olives must be stored until the milling phase in rigid and aerated containers (plastic boxes) in cool and ventilated rooms.
The olives must be pressed within 2 days of harvesting.
Oil-making procedures The oil-making
operations of the “Lucca” DOP must be carried out within the territories of the municipalities referred to in art. 2. Oil-making will take place with the traditional pressure method or in modern continuous or semi-continuous oil mills as long as they meet the operational validity characteristics recognized by the competent control body. The indications concerning the maximum time and the kneading temperature must be respected, respectively set at 50 minutes and 28 degrees centigrade. In the case of very dry olives, dilution water at a temperature not exceeding 20 degrees centigrade can be used.
Characteristics for consumption
The oils referred to in art. 1 when released for consumption, they must meet the following characteristics:
yellow oil with more or less intense green tones;
light to medium olive fruitiness, basically sweet and with spicy and bitter sensations linked to the intensity of the fruitiness detected;
minimum score in the panel test: equal to or greater than 7.
maximum acidity in 0.5% oleic acid;
number of peroxides max 12;
palmitic acid 9-14%;
palmitoleic acid 0.4-1.2%;
stearic acid 0.5-3%;
oleic acid> 72;
linoleic acid 5-9%;
linolenic acid <0.9%;
total polyphenols not less than 100 mg / liter;
total tocopherols not less than 90 mg / liter.
The chemical-physical and organoleptic tests must be carried out, according to the methods referred to in reg. EEC n. 2568/91 and subsequent amendments and additions.
Designation and presentation
The protected designation of origin referred to in art. 1 it is forbidden to add any additional mention other than that provided for by current legislation and this specification, including indications: type, taste, use, selected, chosen and similar, as well as indications that refer to geographical units other than those expressly provided for in this specification. However, the use of indications referring to companies, names, company names or private brands is permitted as long as they have no laudatory meaning, are not such as to mislead the consumer and are reported in half size compared to the font with which, on the label , the DOP is transcribed. The extra virgin olive oil with protected designation of origin, produced in the area referred to in art. 2, can be marketed in containers with bottles having a capacity not exceeding 5 liters. The containers and / or bottles containing the extra virgin olive oil, marked Dop or on the labels affixed to them, must be shown in clear and indelible characters the following indications:
a) the PDO under which the oil is offered for sale, followed immediately below by the wording "protected designation of origin";
b) the name and surname of the producer or company name and seat of the bottling plant;
c) the quantity of products actually contained in the container expressed in compliance with current methodological standards;
d) the words "oil bottled by the producer at origin" or "oil bottled in the area, of production" depending on whether the bottling is carried out by the producer or by third parties;
e) the oil year or year of production.
In addition, the graphic symbol relating to the image of the specific and univocal logotype to be used in inseparable combination with the protected designation of origin must appear. The graphic symbol is presented in the form of a circle with shaped irregular edges, like a real-size sealing wax stamp, total of 2 x 2 cm in Dark Green color (Pantone 364 cvc). Inside, in overprint, the first two concentric circles of 17.1 and 17 mm in diameter act as a frame, both brown (Pantone 161 cvc) inside which the words "extra virgin olive oil denomination of protected origin "on a light green background created by a 15% screening of the Pantone 363 cvc color, delimited by two concentric circles, always overprinted, with the respective diameter of 12 and 11.8 mm in brown (Pantone 161 cvc). Inside the last two circles, in a central position inside the drawing, is inserted the representation of an ancient oil press, printed in brown color (Pantone 161 cvc) bearing the writing "Lucca" on a light yellow background (Pantone 1205 cvc). Superimposed on all other colors, in imitation gold (Pantone 104 cvc) as the final print color, the image of the oil dripping from the press during pressing. As an option there is the replacement of the gold-like color (Pantone 104 cvc) with the application of gold powder to obtain the effect of a more striking gold, or the application of the same shape depicting the oil pouring made with foil hot gold, to obtain a metallic, shiny and brilliant effect. This mark is to be reproduced in the actual size of 2 x 2 cm to be subsequently applied to bottles or containers of the extra virgin olive oil with the protected designation of origin "Lucca" on paper suitable for application, with glue or adhesive support, or by reproduce, appropriately enlarged, for all other uses provided that in the ways and terms decided by the Authorities authorized by the same brand.