Terra di Bari PDO extra virgin olive oil is obtained from the Coratina, Cima di Bitonto or Ogliarola Barese and Cima di Mola olive varieties.
The designation must be accompanied by one of the following place names: Castel del Monte, Bitonto, Murgia dei Trulli e delle Grotte.
The percentages of the different olive varieties vary from area to area, as listed below.
The harvest must be completed by January 30th of each year.
The olives must be harvested directly from the trees, by hand or mechanically.
The oil extraction processes must be carried out within two days of the harvest.
Appearance and Flavour
• Castel del Monte: obtained from the Coratina variety (at least 80%); it is green in colour with yellow highlights, with an intense fruity aroma and a mildly bitter and piquant fruity flavour.
• Bitonto: obtained from the Cima di Bitonto or Ogliarola Barese and Coratina varieties (at least 80%); it is yellowy green in colour, with a mild fruity aroma and a light fruity flavour that is delicately grassy and slightly bitter and piquant.
• Murgia dei Trulli e delle Grotte: obtained from the Cima di Mola variety (at least 50%); it is golden yellow in colour with green highlights, with a light fruity aroma and a light bitter and piquant fruity flavour revealing hints of fresh almond.
Extra virgin olive oil is highly perishable and must be stored correctly in order to maintain its organoleptic characteristics.
It should therefore be kept in a cool, dark place at a temperature between 14 and 18°C, away from heat sources and other foods that release odours.
It should be consumed within four to six months of pressing to fully appreciate its qualities.
Terra di Bari PDO extra virgin olive oil is an ideal condiment for vegetables, bruschetta and crudité, and when used in cooking
it brings out the flavour of the dishes. It is perfect for the typical fish dishes of the Apulia region.
The product is marketed as Terra di Bari PDO extra virgin olive oil, accompanied by one of the following names: Castel del Monte, Bitonto, Murgia dei Trulli e delle Grotte. It is sold in glass or tin plate recipients of no more than 5 litres.
Terra di Bari PDO extra virgin olive oil is characterised by a maximum acidity of between 0.5 and 0.6 g per 100 g of oil, depending on which municipality it is produced in, and a panel test result higher than or equal to 7.
The presence of olive trees in the production area of Terra di Bari PDO extra virgin olive oil dates back as far back as Neolithic times.
However, the significant development in olive cultivation can be ascribed to the Romans, with their organization of the trade and export of olive oil.
The importance of this trade was evident due to the fact that it was the main source of wealth for the noble families in the Bari area, who during the XVI and XVII centuries governed trading with Naples, Ferrara and Venice.
The production, processing and bottling-packaging area of Terra di Bari PDO extra virgin olive oil is within several municipal
areas in the provinces of Bari and Barletta-Andria-Trani, in the Apulia region.